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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 499 Sending defamatory messages by email Section 499 IPC & Defamation Whoever, by words either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is said, except in the cases hereinafter expected, of defame that person. Explanation 1- It may amount to defamation t..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 503 Sending threatening messages by email Sec.503 IPC - Criminal intimidation Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such ..

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CYBER FORENSICS

Cyber Forensics Computer Forensics deals with the preservation, identification, extraction, and documentation of computer evidence. The field is relatively new to the private sector but it has been the mainstay of technology−related investigations and intelligence gathering in law enforcement and military agencies since the mid−1980s. Computer forensics is a branch of digital forensic science that deals with investigation and analysis techniques to gather and preserve evi..

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Indian Evidence Act and Cyber Crimes

The Information technology or computerization has left its impression on existing systems including judicial system and laws existing in India. The Information Technology has brought some changes in Laws like Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act, The RBI Act & some other laws. Law of Evidence is a procedural law which plays a pivotal role in impairment and administration of justice. It helps courts in determining rights and liabilities of parties involved in the disput..

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 78

Section 78. Power to investigate offenses:      Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, a police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police shall investigate any offense under this Act. Explanation: The police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police shall investigate the offense...

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 77

Section 77. Penalties or confiscation not to interfere with other punishments:       No penalty imposed or confiscation made under this Act shall prevent the imposition of any other punishment to which the person affected thereby is liable under any other law for the time being in force. Explanation: The aforesaid section lays down a mandatory condition, which states the Penalties or confiscation not to interfere with other punishments to which the person affected t..

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 76

Section 76. Confiscation:        Any computer, computer system, floppies, compact disks, tape drives or any other accessories related thereto, in respect of which any provisions of this Act, rules, orders or regulations made there under has been or is being contravened, shall be liable to confiscation : Provided that where it is established to the satisfaction of the court adjudicating the confiscation that the person in whose possession, power or control of any such ..

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 75

Section 75. Act to apply for offense or contravention committed outside India: 1. Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), the provisions of this Act shall apply also to any offense or contravention committed outside India by any person irrespective of his nationality. 2. For the purposes of sub-section (1), this Act shall apply to an offense or Contravention committed outside India by any person if the act or conduct constituting the offense or contravention involves..

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 74

Section 74. Publication for the fraudulent purpose:      Whoever knowingly creates, publishes or otherwise makes available a Digital Signature Certificate for any fraudulent or unlawful purpose shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which extends to one lakh rupees, or with both. Explanation: This section prescribes punishment for the following acts: Knowingly creating a digital signature certificate for any i. fraud..

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Offences Under The It Act 2000: Section 73

Section 73. Penalty for publishing Digital Signature Certificate false in certain particulars: 1. No person shall publish a Digital Signature Certificate or otherwise make it available to any other person with the knowledge that-      (a) The Certifying Authority listed in the certificate has not issued it; or      (b) The subscriber listed in the certificate has not accepted it; or      (c) The certificate has been revoked or suspended, unless such publication is f..

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