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//Cyber Crime

CHALLENGES FOR CYBER CASES IN PRESENT LEGAL SYSTEM AND NEED FOR CYBER COURTS

The system of cyber crime investigations suffers from various issues. The evidence in cyber crimes cases differ in nature and structure as compared to other conventional crimes, even the preservation techniques of both the pieces of evidence are different. Police officials at lower ranks are not well aware of Cybercrime facts. For example, mobile loss/theft case should be registered as cyber crime case because maximum mobile handsets are internet enabled and a lot of netizens..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 378, 379 Theft of Computer Hardware Section 378. Theft Whoever intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft. Explanation 1. - A thing so long as it is attached to the earth, not being movable property, is not the subject of theft; but it becomes capable of being the subject of theft as soon as it is severed from the earth. E..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 292,293,294 Obscenity Indecent Representation of Women Act Section 292. Sale, etc., or obscene books, etc. (1) For the purposes of sub-section, a book, pamphlet, paper, writing, drawing, painting, representation, figure or any other object, shall be deemed to be obscene if it is lascivious or appeals to the prurient interest or if its effect, or (where it comprises two or more distinct items) the effect of any one of its items, is, if taken as a whole, such as to ..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 506, 507 Criminal Intimidation by E-mail or Chat Section 506. Punishment for criminal intimidation Whoever commits, the offense of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both; If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.: -And if the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punish..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 500, 509 E-Mail Abuse, Online Defamation Section 500. Punishment for defamation Whoever defames another shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both. Section 509. Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman Whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any woman, utters any word, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that such word or sound shall be heard, or..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 383 Web-Jacking Section 383. Extortion Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits "extortion"...

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 420 Bogus websites, cyber frauds Section 420. Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived any property to any person, or to make, alter or destroy the whole or any part of a valuable security, or anything which is signed or sealed, and which is capable of being converted into a valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven ..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 463, 464, 468, 469 Forgery of electronic records, Email spoofing Section 463. Forgery. Whoever makes any false documents or electronic record part of a document or electronic record with, intent to cause damage or injury], to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to cause any person to part with property, or to enter into any express or implied contract, or with intent to commit fraud or that fraud may be committed, commits forgery. Secti..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 499 Sending defamatory messages by email Section 499 IPC & Defamation Whoever, by words either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is said, except in the cases hereinafter expected, of defame that person. Explanation 1- It may amount to defamation t..

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OFFENSES COVERED UNDER IPC AND SPECIAL LAWS

Section 503 Sending threatening messages by email Sec.503 IPC - Criminal intimidation Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such ..

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